The ideal Desktop – OpenSUSE 12.3 (GNOME Desktop)

Version 1.0
Author: Falko Timme <ft [at] falkotimme [dot] com>, Christian
Schmalfeld <c [dot] schmalfeld [at] projektfarm [dot] de>
Follow me on Twitter
Last edited 03/20/2013

This tutorial shows how you can set up an OpenSUSE 12.3
desktop that is a full-fledged replacement for a Windows desktop, i.e.
that has all the software that people need to do the things they do on
their Windows desktops. The advantages are clear: you get a secure
system without DRM restrictions that works even on old hardware, and
the best thing is: all software comes free of charge.

The software I propose as default is the one I found easiest to use
and best in their functionality – this won’t necessarily be true for
your needs, thus you are welcome to try out the applications listed as
alternatives.

I do not issue any guarantee that this will work for you!

1 Preliminary Note

To fully replace a Windows desktop, I want the OpenSUSE 12.3 desktop
to have the following software installed:

Graphics:

  • Pinta – open source drawing application modeled after
    Paint.NET
    • KolourPaint – paint application with
      elemental functions
  • The GIMP – free software replacement for Adobe Photoshop
  • Shotwell Photo Manager – full-featured personal photo
    management application for the GNOME desktop

Internet:

  • Firefox
    • Opera
    • Chromium – Google’s open-source browser
  • Thunderbird – email and news client
    • Evolution – combines e-mail, calendar, address book, and
      task list management functions
  • Deluge – free cross-platform BitTorrent client
    • Transmission BitTorrent Client – Bittorrent client
    • qBittorrent – free alternative to µtorrent
  • Marble – desktop globe similar to google earth
    • GoogleEarth – Google’s desktop globe
  • Flash Player 11
  • FileZilla – multithreaded FTP client
  • Pidgin IM Client – multi-platform instant messaging client
  • Skype (only for 32 bit systems)
  • Dropbox Client – cloud storage
  • Gwibber Social Client – open-source microblogging client
    (Twitter, Facebook, etc.)

Office:

  • Adobe Reader
    • Evince – document viewer
    • Okular – document viewer
  • LibreOffice Writer – replacement for Microsoft Word
  • LibreOffice Calc – replacement for Microsoft Excel
  • GnuCash – double-entry book-keeping personal finance
    system,
    similar to Quicken
  • Scribus – open source desktop publishing (DTP) application

Sound & Video:

  • Banshee – audio player, can encode/decode various formats
    and synchronize music with Apple iPods
    • Amarok – audio player
    • MPlayer – media player (video/audio), supports WMA
    • Rhythmbox Music Player – audio player, similar to Apple’s
      iTunes, with support for iPods
    • gtkPod – software similar to Apple’s iTunes, supports
      iPod, iPod nano, iPod shuffle, iPod photo, and iPod mini
    • Sound Juicer CD Extractor – CD ripping tool, supports
      various audio codecs
    • XMMS – audio player similar to Winamp
    • Clementine – Amarok 1.4 fork
  • VLC Media Player – media player, plays all kinds of videos
    (video/audio)
    • Totem – media player (video/audio)
    • Xine – media player, supports various formats; can play
      DVDs
  • Winff – free video converter
    • SoundConverter – free audio converter
    • Soundkonverter – free audio converter
  • K3B – CD/DVD burning program
    • Brasero – CD/DVD burning program
  • Audacity – free, open source, cross platform digital audio
    editor
  • Kino – free digital video editor
  • dvd::rip – full featured DVD copy program
  • Multimedia Codecs

Programming:

  • Bluefish – text editor, suitable for many programming and
    markup languages
  • Eclipse Extensible Tool Platform and Java IDE

Other:

  • VirtualBox – lets you run your old Windows desktop
    as a virtual machine under your Linux desktop, so you don’t have to
    entirely abandon Windows
  • TrueType fonts
  • Java
  • gedit – simple text editor

The software provided in the above list covers most of the basic
tasks one might need to do on their desktop computers, sometimes there
are multiple choices for same functionality. If you know which one you
like best, you obviously don’t need to
install and test the other applications, however if you like choice,
then of
course you can install more than one.

I’m using the OpenSUSE 12.3 Live-DVD in this tutorial to set up
the system. You can download it from here: http://software.opensuse.org/123/en

I will use the username howtoforge in
this tutorial, and I will download all necessary files to howtoforge‘s desktop which is equivalent to the
directory /home/howtoforge/Desktop. If you
use another username, please replace howtoforge
with your own username. So when I use a command such as

cd /home/howtoforge/Desktop

you must replace howtoforge.

2 Installing The Base System

Download the OpenSUSE 12.3 Live-DVD iso image, burn it onto a DVD, and boot your computer from it. Select Installation.

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The installer starts. Select your language and keyboard layout and
click on Next:

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If you are installing OpenSUSE for the first time, choose New Installation on the next screen:

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Select your time zone:

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Select your desktop layout here – in the tutorial, I will use the
GNOME Desktop. However, if you know what you like better, you can also
pick KDE and install other desktops later as well.

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If you would like to use the whole hard disk for OpenSUSE, then you
can leave the default partitioning as it is:

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Next, you create the first system user. I recommend to uncheck
the Automatic Login flag for your own
safety:

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Check the details and confirm that you want to begin the installation
– the hard drive
will be formatted:

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After the installation, the installer will reboot the computer.
Remove the installation disk before the machine boots.

Check out the original source here.

http://bit.ly/11BcCPhdesktop internet, desktop niternet, free software replacement, free software replaecment, management application, management functions, similar to google earth, thunderbird email

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